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8 essential PC components to check while building a PC

Building a PC is an exciting DIY if you know the basics. This article gives you tips on choosing essential PC components to put your system together.

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Image: Maingear

Building a PC can be a fun and rewarding experience. When building your PC, you need to check a few essential components to ensure everything is working correctly.

This blog post will discuss the eight most essential PC components to check when putting your system together.

By following these Maximum Tech tips, you can help avoid problems down the road and ensure your new PC is running smoothly.

1. The computer case

pc case on purple background
Image: KnowTechie

A computer case is a visible part that holds all the internal components of the PC together. It serves as a protective structure and base where all the internal components are assembled.

There are different sizes and types of cases available to fit a variety of motherboards. The cooling system fits into this case to help regulate the temperature.

READ MORE: 6 myths of building your own PC

The case should be large enough to accommodate the motherboard, radiator, and the other components of the PC. The cases may be verticle or horizontal.

The usual variety of cases includes the Full tower, the Mid-tower, the Mini-tower, and the small form factor or the SFF. The Full tower provides a lot of space for many components, plus it is excellent for air cooling.

The Mid-tower is a popular and widely used case. It is compatible with a large variety of motherboards and drives.

The Mini-tower provides little space and may not be favorable for large-sized graphic cards. The SFF is compact and small. It acts as a great alternative to laptops at a cheaper cost.

2. Processor

The most critical component in your PC is the processor. It is the brain of your computer, and it needs to be powerful enough to handle all of your tasks. It takes information from the RAM and performs various commands.

The CPU or the central processing unit fits into the motherboard via a socket. The socket is covered in a heat sink to absorb all the heat produced from the CPU.

The computer’s speed depends on different components, not just the CPU. When shopping for a processor, you need to consider what you will be using your PC for. 

If you plan on gaming or video editing, you will need a more powerful processor. However, if you need a primary PC for browsing the web and checking email, you can get away with a less powerful processor.

3. Motherboard

semiconductors on motherboard
Image: Unsplash

The motherboard is the backbone of your PC. The CPU, the drives, the RAM, and the power supply are all connected to the motherboard.

It needs to be able to support all of the other components in your system, including the processor, memory, graphics card, and storage. 

When selecting a motherboard, you need to consider what type of Processor you will be using. Intel and AMD processors use different sockets, so you must ensure that the motherboard has the correct socket for your processor.

A good motherboard is essential for the optimum functioning of all the units. Opting for a motherboard with many connectivity options would be the best.

If you want to add multiple graphics cards or other expansion cards, you need a motherboard with more than one expansion slot. 

Additionally, it would help if you decided which form factor you want. The three most common form factors are ATX, microATX, and mini-ITX. If you want a more miniature PC, you must choose a microATX or mini-ITX motherboard.

4. Graphics card

graphics card pc drivers
Image: KnowTechie

The graphics card or the GPU is basically an expansion card responsible for rendering images on your monitor. If you plan on gaming or video editing, you will need a powerful graphics card. 

When choosing a graphics card, you need to consider the type of games you want to play and the resolution of your monitor.

If you only play casual games and don’t need the highest resolution, you can get away with a less powerful graphics card. 

However, you need a more powerful card to play the latest games at high resolutions. Additionally, it would help ensure that your graphics card was compatible with your motherboard.

Some graphics cards require special power connectors that may not be available on all motherboards.

5. RAM

RAM, or random access memory, stores data that your processor needs quick access to. When performing any calculation, the computer uses RAM to save the data temporarily, after which it disappears.

It basically acts as a Short Term memory for the computer. The more RAM a PC has, the faster it performs.

So lesser RAM would lead to a slow-performing computer. When shopping for RAM, you need to consider the type of games you want to play and the resolution of your monitor. 

When buying RAM, it’s also essential to purchase matching sticks. If you buy two sticks of RAM, make sure they are the same size and speed. It’s not advisable to mix and match different types of RAM as it can lead to stability issues. 

It’s also essential to buy RAM from a reputable brand. Some brands are known for higher quality than others. One can find more info at Maximum Tech or any other tech website.

6. Power Supply

The power supply unit mainly provides power to all of the other components in your PC. When shopping for a power supply, you need to consider the form factor of your motherboard and the graphics card you plan on using. 

Additionally, you need to ensure that the power supply has enough wattage to support all of your components. Most power supplies come with a wattage rating that indicates how much power they can provide. 

7. The Network Card

The Network card helps the computer access the Internet or communicate over a network. There are two methods by which the computer can connect a. An Ethernet cable or b. A wireless connection or WiFi.

Nowadays, the motherboards usually come with built-in network connections, and one can add a network card to them with an expansion slot.

8. The Hard Disk Drive

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Image: KnowTechie

It acts as permanent storage for your computer. The traditional or older hard disk drives had spinning platters with a physical arm to write data on the disk.

Currently, faster Solid State Drives with flash memory and more efficiency have replaced the traditional Disk Drives. Though the SSDs are costlier, they would be a better option in the long run and worth the investment.

So, those are the eight essential PC components you need to check while building your PC. By considering each of the above factors, you can ensure that your PC will be able to handle anything you throw at it.

Have any thoughts on this? Let us know down below in the comments or carry the discussion over to our Twitter or Facebook.

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Chris has been blogging since the early days of the internet. He primarily focuses on topics related to tech, business, marketing, and pretty much anything else that revolves around tech. When he's not writing, you can find him noodling around on a guitar or cooking up a mean storm for friends and family.

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