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Proof-of-stake: What does it mean in Bitcoin?

The proof-of-stake is a validating mechanism just like the PoW that blockchains use.

digital bitcoin image
Image: Blockchain Global

As a crypto enthusiast, you probably have heard about the proof-of-stake (PoS) concept.

Even if this is the first time you are learning about it, it is crucial to understand what the PoS is and why it matters.

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When cryptocurrencies emerged, they created new investment opportunities. Many people have invested in this market.

For example, hundreds of thousands of people are trading Bitcoin weekly.

However, apart from this, Bitcoin’s underlying technology provides another investment opportunity involving staking Bitcoin.

In Bitcoin staking, you commit part of your Bitcoin to the blockchain network to validate transactions.

Staking is like giving collateral in terms of cryptocurrency for validating blocks on the blockchain network.

Moreover, Staking utilizes the PoS mechanism for validating and updating transactions on the blockchain.

Before we dive deeper into PoS, have you ever considered investing in the oil market? Oil trading can be a very profitable venture considering that oil is a universal commodity always in demand. 

What is proof-of-stake (PoS)?

blockchain sphere in a blue color
Image: Unsplash

Understanding PoS requires taking a step back and focusing on its predecessor, proof-of-work (PoW).

PoS and PoW are consensus mechanisms blockchains apply to process transactions, validate information, and synchronize data.

They have both proven effective in ensuring the integrity and security of blockchains and the cryptocurrencies they support.

The PoS is more recent than the PoW.

In the PoW mechanism, miners solve complex mathematical puzzles using powerful computers. By doing so, they consume so much computational power and energy.

The high energy consumption started raising concerns regarding the adverse environmental effects. And this then led to the introduction of PoS.

The PoS is a crypto consensus mechanism validating entries into the blockchain and ensuring its security.

Unlike the PoW mechanism, the POS mechanism involves crypto owners validating the block transactions. Instead of being referred to as miners, they are called validators.

Advantages of PoS

Bitcoin with gold nuggets
Image: Unsplash

Compared to the PoW, the PoS has several advantages. The PoS mechanism does not utilize computational power and energy.

Bitcoin owners only stake part of their Bitcoin without solving puzzles or using computers.

And this is very important when there are growing concerns regarding the effect of Bitcoin mining on the environment and climate change.

You don’t have to purchase expensive equipment to become a validator on a PoS blockchain. You only commit part of your Bitcoin as collateral and are good to go.

In the PoW, a miner needed to invest in robust computer systems and energy. Mining crypto also requires technical knowledge and skills that not every Bitcoin owner has.

The PoS mechanism also has a high-security level. In the PoW, an entity controlling over 50% of the miners on the blockchain network could compromise the system.

In the proof-of-stake, this would mean holding over 50% of the staked Bitcoin. And this is very expensive, making the PoS blockchain more secure.

Final thoughts

The PoS is a validating mechanism just like the PoW that blockchains use. Under the PoS, Bitcoin users stake part of their coins to validate transactions and ensure the system’s integrity.

The PoS does not consume so much power and is more energy-efficient, cheaper, and more secure than the PoW.

Nevertheless, understanding how these technologies work is vital for anybody interested in investing in Bitcoin or any other cryptocurrency. 

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Chris has been blogging since the early days of the internet. He primarily focuses on topics related to tech, business, marketing, and pretty much anything else that revolves around tech. When he's not writing, you can find him noodling around on a guitar or cooking up a mean storm for friends and family.

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